Thought disorders include diagnoses like schizophrenia, and schizoaffective disorder.
These are serious medical illnesses characterized by a difficulty distinguishing reality from fantasy.
Patients with these disorders may suffer from frightening hallucinations such as hearing voices, delusions, and feelings of paranoia/suspiciousness, which can frequently lead to agitation, violence, and even suicide.
Patients are also notable for having blunted emotions, a decreased amount of speech or movement, and a nonsensical disorganized stream of thought.
Antipsychotic medications are the mainstay of treatment, and given early diagnosis, strict adherence to meds, close follow-up, and a strong support network, patients can still lead productive fruitful lives.